Hair Loss

Find out what causes and types of hair loss and how it can be treated.

A few words about hair loss

Hair loss bothers and worries people of all ages. Men and women are equally concerned and feel bad and try in various ways to improve this situation or even to correct it. When combing, shampooing or even sleeping, certain amounts of hair fall out, however this to a certain extent is not a cause for concern, as it is the weak hairs that fall out, which is considered quite normal, even for people with healthy hair growth.

However, if significant hair loss occurs, then this should be taken seriously and we should take action. There is normal hair loss in which we lose some hair every day due to the fact that the hair is recycled. 100,000 to 150,000 hairs are found on the scalp. But there is also hair loss in which more than the normal number of hairs fall out per day and some do not reappear.

The fall is not constant and shows seasonal fluctuations. This hair loss is called pathological. This creates a thinning of the hair of various degrees which, depending on the size and shape of the thinning, is called Alopecia.

Causes of hair loss

Hair loss occurs on both genders regardless of age. For both genders aging, heredity, stress, hormonal changes, drug overdose, skin diseases, infections, viruses, diet deprivation, use of chemicals, exposure to extreme natural conditions, air pollution, contaminated water. Also, the male hormone testosterone at certain values ​​is a cause of hair loss, as among other properties it affects the development of hair growth in both men and women.

Diabetes as well as cancer have also been noted as important causes of hair loss. These are the most common causes of hair loss for both sexes, but particularly in women there are other causes, such as pregnancy, menopause, or other factors, that can occur during adolescence. Sometimes even several forms of fungal infections can cause hair loss. There are still other causes, such as when proper hair care is not applied. Also, hair dyes, perms, extensions and inappropriate care and bath products can cause hair loss.

In addition, and especially with regard to hair extensions, which are added, or adapted to real hair, using glue, it puts too much tension on the hair roots, and therefore can lead to thinning hair, and is one of the
causes of thinning in spots. (traction alopecia).

Types of Hair Loss


Androgenetic Alopecia (baldness)

This type of hair loss occurs in men and women of all ages. Gradually creates hair thinning in various ways, usually on the front line, temples and upper part of the head to a degree of grinding where there is no hair growth in specific parts of the head usually on the temples, but to a degree up to the entire central part of the head, leaving hair only on the crown around the ears and on the back of the head. Women in this condition show gradual thinning of hair all over the scalp. It occurs more often and to a greater extent in men.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata (Scared bald patches)

Hair loss is non-scarring and unstable with scattered patches of bald areas of 1-5 cm or more, where the skin becomes totally hairless. Apart from the head, similar hairless areas can appear on various parts of the body like eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, armpit, teen and body hair. It starts with one or more depilatory plaques on the head or the eyebrows, eyelashes, the beard, the axilla, the genital part. There is a total lack of hair, the skin there is hairless, white, soft with initially open pores. There are many types of alopecia areata with a variety of diagnoses. It appears in four types: the common 83%, the atopic 10%, the pre-hypertensive 4% and the mixed one 3%. Here as well, the diagnosis varies from type to type.

Read more about alopecia areata.

Traction Alopecia

Trichotillomania (Traction Alopecia)

It is the habit of some people to pull their own hair or twisting them, sometimes without realizing it. This type of alopecia can happen by a tight bundle. It can also be caused by hair extensions. The scalp and eyelashes are often affected. In contrast to alopecia areata patches, which are perfectly smooth, in trichotillomania hair patches show broken-off hairs.

Alopecia Totalis

Other types of hair loss

  • Alopecia totalis – complete loss of the hair of the scalp. It is the most extensive form, in which the entire scalp goes bald.
  • Alopecia universalis – complete loss of all body hair.
  • Tinea capitis – Tinea is the medical term for fungal infection, and headache inside. Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp that mostly affects school-age children. Bald spots usually show broken-off hairs.
  • Pervasive hair loss – This is a general thinning of the hair, without specific bald spots or patterns. While this type of hair loss may not be noticeable to others, often the person will feel their hair is not as thick or full as it used to be.

The role and usefulness of hair

Natural barrier & Thermal insulation

Clinical studies have shown that maintaining a constant and specific temperature in the brain is necessary and even vital for its better, safer and longer survival. Thus, the hair ensures the best and safest longevity for the person.

The role of hair in detail:

  • Protection from changes in weather conditions, irritants of the atmosphere, germs etc.
  • Thermal insulation ensuring the constant temperature that the mind needs for its proper and long-term survival
  • Immune protection of our body through the protection of the brain, directly affecting the functionality of our immune and nervous system

Since 2003, scientists have known that warm-blooded animals on low-calorie diets have lower body temperatures and live longer.
Researchers at the La Jolla Research Institute in San Diego, California, say that by trying to reduce the mice’s internal temperature, they were able to extend the lifespan of these experimental animals by up to 20 percent. They managed to add three months of extra life to the mice, which normally live up to two years.

Low body temperature and serum levels of two natural chemicals produced by the body are directly linked to longevity, according to a study published in the journal Science.

The research was conducted in Baltimore and scientists collected data on the physical condition of 1,500 people who had been receiving medical attention since 1958, in order to study the changes in their state of health over time. According to the study, those participants who had a lower body temperature, lower blood insulin levels and higher DHES levels had an increased survival time.

The stages (phases) of a hair’s life

  • Anagen (Reborn), which is the phase of its development with intense activity of the follicle
  • Catagen (Native), where the follicle prepares for hair apoptosis
  • Telogen (Ending), which is also the resting stage of the pocket. At the end, the hair falls out, the follicle reshapes and a new cycle begins.

In cases of increased hair loss and thinning hair, the life cycle of the hair becomes shorter and shorter.

Hair and Age

As a person gets older, he needs more hair as his whole body becomes weaker and more vulnerable. So the role of hair is more important and more necessary.

Treatment of Hair Loss

Our hair is one of the human characteristics that makes us unique in the animal kingdom. The variety of colors, quality and length marks even every human race or gender.

Hair gives us beauty, attractiveness, power. Its movement, style, shape offers us more expressionism and a special character. It offers us covering and protection. Subsequently, the role of the hair is multidimensional.

What we need to know and how we can protect ourselves

Hair loss is a condition that varies from person to person, although some indications are similar in each case. There are many factors that play an important role in the creation as well as in the evolution of the above situation.

That is why it would be right for each case of hair loss or thinning hair to be treated differently.

The MEXIS serum treats every case of hair problem either in androgenic alopecia or in alopecia or in cases of hair loss, weak hair, hair that breaks or does not grow long. In each case, the specific product has a specific action plan that differs in the frequency of its application, in the quantity per use, as well as in the duration of its stay in the area that interests us.